- The land has a lower heat capacity than seawater. During night time, the temperature of the land drops faster than the sea.
- Hot air (lower density) above the sea rises. Cooler air from the land blows towards the sea and hence produces land breeze.
- Places with the presence of lakes, sea and ocean may have a more moderate climate.
- This is because water has a large specific heat capacity.
- During daytime when it is hot, the water from the lake/sea absorbs heat from the surroundings. This helps to reduce the temperature of the surroundings.
- During night-time, the water releases the heat absorbed during the daytime, and hence prevents the temperature from dropping too much.
- As such, places near a large mass of water will have a smaller range of temperatures and hence a more moderate climate condition.