Refraction of Sound Wave

Refraction of Sound Waves

Result

The amplitude of the sound wave increases when a balloon filled with Carbon dioxide is placed between the speaker and the microphone.

Explanation

1. Carbon dioxide is denser than air.
2. The sound wave is refracted approaching the normal when the wave propagates from the air into the balloon, and away from normal when moving out from the balloon.
3. As a result, the balloon acts as a biconvex lens and converge the sound wave at a point.

Result

The amplitude of the sound wave decreases when a balloon filled with Carbon dioxide is placed between the speaker and the microphone.

Explanation

1. Helium gas is less dense than air.
2. The sound wave is refracted away from the normal when the wave propagates from the air into the balloon, and closer to the normal when moving out from the balloon.
3. As a result, the wave is diverged to a wider area and causes the amplitude of the sound wave decreases.