## Application of Bernoulli’s Principle

Aeroplane (Click on the image to enlarge) When a wing in the form of an aerofoil moves in air, the flow of air over the top travels faster and creates a region of low pressure. The flow of air below the wing is slower resulting in a region of higher pressure. The difference between the … Read more

## Experiments Related to Bernoulli’s Principle

Experiment 1 A paper will be lifted upwards when air is blown rapidly above it. Explanation: Air move rapidly above the paper, causes the pressure above the paper to decrease. Pressure below the paper becomes relatively higher. Owing to the difference of the pressure, a net force is produced to push the paper upward. Experiment … Read more

## Bernoulli’s Principle

Bernoulli’s Principle Bernoulli’s Principle states that as the speed of a moving fluid (liquid or gas) increases, the pressure within the fluid decreases. Venturi Effect The Venturi effect is the fluid pressure that results when an incompressible fluid flows through a constricted section of a pipe. Experiment 1 Figure above shows that when water flow … Read more

## Archimedes Principle – Structure Question 3

A balloon filled with helium gas has negligible mass. The volume of the balloon is 120cm³. [Density of air = 1.23 kg/m³.Density of helium gas = 0.18 kg/m³] Calculate the mass of the helium gas in the balloon? m=ρV m=(0.18)(120× 10 −6 )=2.16× 10 −5 kg Find the weight of the helium gas?W=mg W=(2.16× 10 … Read more

## Archimedes Principle – Structure Question 2

Figure above shows a glass tube with cross-sectional area of 10 cm² and mass 10 g. It is filled with lead shots and immerse in water. The tube floats upright in the water. [Density of water is 10 g/cm³] State the name of this device. Hydrometer State one use of this device in a laboratory. To … Read more

## Archimedes Principle – Structure Question 1

Diagram (a) above shows a metal block supported by a spring balance. Diagram (b) shows the block partially immerses in water while diagram (c) shows the block fully immerses in water. What is the mass of the metal block? W = mg(20) = m(10)m = 2kg In diagram b), the reading of the balance became … Read more

## Application of Archimedes Principle

Plimsoll Line The Plimsoll line is an imaginary line marking the level at which a ship or boat floats in the water. It indicates how much load is allowed at different types of water Airship Air ship is filled with helium gas. Helium gas has density lower than the surrounding air, hence an upthrust which … Read more

## Forces Acted on Objects Immersed in Liquid

In order to solve the problem related to object immerse in water, it’s important to know all forces acted on the object. Case 1: The density of the object is lower than the density of the liquid. The object floats on the surface of the water. The forces acting on the object is the weight … Read more

## Principle of Floatation

Principle of Floatation The principle of floatation states that when an object floats in a liquid the buoyant force/upthrust that acts on the object is equal to the weight of the object. As shown in the figure above, if the weight of the object (W) = upthrust (F), the object is in balance and therefore … Read more

## Archimedes Principle – Example 1

Example 1:Determine the upthrust acted on the objects immerse in the water below.a. b. c. Answer:a. Upthrust = Weight of the displaced water = 15N b. Upthrust = Weight of the displaced water = 32N c. Upthrust = Weight of the displaced water = 20N Example 2:An iron block which has volume 0.3m³ is immersed in water. … Read more