# Pressure in Liquid

### Pressure in Liquids

1. Pressure in liquid is owing to the weight of the liquid acting on the surface of any objects in the liquid.
2. Pressure of a liquid is directly proportional to
1. the gravitational field strength
2. the depth
3. density of the liquid.
3. Pressure in liquids is not affected by the size or shape of the object.
4. The pressure caused by a liquid and the pressure in a liquid can be determined by using the equation below:

#### Pressure in Liquid

Example:

The diagram shows 2 fishes in water. The density of the water is 1025 kg/m³. The surface area of fish A is 300 cm² and the surface area of fish B is 2000cm². Find
a. the pressure exerted by the water on fish A.
b. the pressure exerted by the water on fish B.
c. the force exerted by the water on fish A.
d. the force exerted by the water on fish B.

This question would like us to compare the liquid pressure exerted on 2 objects of different size in the same depth of water.

a.
Depth, h = 2m
Density, ρ = 1025 kg/m³
Gravitational Field Strength, g = 10 N/kg

Pressure exerted by water on fish A,
P = hρg
P = (2)(1025)(10)
P = 20500Pa

b. Pressure exerted by water on fish B,
P = hρg
P = (2)(1025)(10)
P = 20500Pa

(Note: Pressure exerted both fishes are the same. Pressure caused by liquid is not affected by the size or shape of the objects)

c. Surface area of fish A, A1 = 300 cm² = 0.03 m²

Force exerted by the liquid pressure,
P= F/A
F = PA
F = (20500)(0.03)
F = 615N

d. Surface area of fish B, A2 = 2000cm² = 0.2 m²

Force exerted by the liquid pressure,
P= F/A
F = PA
F = (20500)(0.2)
F = 4100N

Example:

Figure above shows the cross section of a sea near a seaside. Find the difference of the pressure between point A and point B. [Density of seawater = 1050kg/m³]

Density, ρ = 1050kg/m³
Gravitational Field Strength, g = 10 N/kg

At point A:
Depth, h = 0.8 m
PA = hAρg + Patm
PA =(0.8)(1050)(10)+ Patm
PA =8400+ Patm

At point B:
Depth, h = 3 m
PB = hBρg + Patm
PB =(3)(1050)(10) + Patm
PB =31500 + Patm

Pressure Difference
PB −P=(31500+ P atm )−(8400+ P atm ) =23100Pa

Example:
Find the pressure at a depth of 20 m in water when the atmospheric pressure is 100000 Pa. The density of water is 1000 kg/m³.